Thanks to widespread marijuana legalization pushing cannabis products into mainstream acceptance, there are virtually endless types of cannabis edibles beyond the token pot brownie or cookie—think nut butter, guacamole, barbecue sauce, and even cheese. And while you can pick up pre-packaged edibles at your local dispensary, you can also whip up your own marijuana edibles at home.
Making cannabis edibles is easy and fun. If you want to tackle creating your own infused concoctions, this guide is a helpful primer on how to cook edibles at home, how to make staples like infused cannabutter and oils, and easy recipe suggestions you can try.
Introduction to edibles and baking with cannabis
What are edibles?
Cannabis edibles are any food that is infused with cannabis compounds like THC and CBD.
A great option for those who don’t want to smoke cannabis but still enjoy it, edibles vary in both form and potency: chocolates, brownies, cookies, gummies, tea, hot sauce, and much more. You can pretty much turn anything into an edible and make it as potent or weak as you like.
How do you cook or bake edibles?
The edible cooking and baking process starts with decarboxylation (de-carb-ox-yl-a-tion). Basically, you need to heat cannabis in order for your body to absorb cannabinoids, like THC and CBD. When you smoke weed, this happens from the flame of your lighter.
How do you store edibles after baking?
You’re probably wondering how long your homemade marijuana edibles stay fresh. The edibles you make are baked or cooked goods just like any other, and they’ll have the same shelf life as any regular food you make. Would you leave grandma’s chocolate chip cookies on your counter for a week? A pot of chili on your stovetop for days on end? Likewise, your homemade edibles will also go stale or bad in time.
In order to keep your weed edibles fresh, store them in a sealable bag or container so they stay preserved and tasty. For baked goods, you can even throw them in the fridge to really prolong their shelf life.
But that’s not to say you can’t eat a stale cookie—it might not taste that great, but it will still get you high. Some amount of THC will typically be in there for up to six months; the main concern is the baked good going bad or getting moldy.
How do you measure edible dosage for baking?
We highly recommend you start with a small amount of cannabis when making infused butter, oil, or anything else.
Most of our recipes below call for equal parts baking ingredient to cannabis—for example, 1 cup butter to 1 cup ground cannabis—but if this is your first time infusing weed, use even less. The worst that can happen is the edible won’t be as strong as you hoped.
Pro tip: Write down the ratio of cannabis to cooking ingredient you use, so that you can copy or adjust the recipe next time. You may think you’ll remember how much you put in, but after a couple edibles it’s easy to forget.
What kind of equipment do I need to bake edibles?
Baking edibles is easy. All you need is an oven and whatever utensils you’d use for regular baking—a mixing bowl, spoon, measuring cups, and maybe a whisk, depending on the recipe.
Oh, and some weed. Generally about 7-10 grams, or two eighths.
Will my neighbors be able to smell the edibles I’m baking?
Not at all. It might smell a little bit, but the smell won’t leave the kitchen.
Making cannabutter or cannabis oil can be a smelly process because you generally heat weed for a few hours, but even then, the neighbors won’t be able to tell.
Cannabis butter and cannabis cooking oil recipes
Every good edible starts with a base weed-infused ingredient. THC and CBD are fat-soluble, meaning they need fats to dissolve and for your body to use them.
Because a lot of baking involves butter, most people infuse that with cannabis, but cooking oil, coconut oil, and honey are other fat-soluble favorites you can infuse with cannabis and then make edibles with.
Making cannabutter is easy, but it can take some time. You can cook weed butter when you’re hanging around the house for a few hours, or overnight if you have a slow cooker—just make sure you don’t leave the house with your infusion cooking on the stovetop unattended.
All you need to whip up a batch of cannabutter is butter, water, marijuana, cheesecloth, and a stovetop or slow cooker. After it’s done, you can use the cannabutter as you would regular butter in any baking recipe. You can even make flavored cannabutter, dressing up our basic recipe by adding additional ingredients like honey and lavender, roasted garlic and chives, roasted jalapeño and cilantro-lime, raspberry jam, or other delicious combinations.